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The History of China's Railways at A Glance

Jul. 13, 2022 Share:

One hundred and fifty years ago, railroads were considered by the Qing Dynasty rulers as an ominous thing. Nowadays, the railroad, as the "lifeline of the national economy", has launched an unprecedented leap-forward development. Heavy steel rail manufacturer YONGYANG show you the development of China railway.

The History of China's Railways at A Glance

Wusong Railway

Wusong Railway is a railroad built by the British capital group without authorization in 1876. Wusong Railway is a 14.5-kilometer-long narrow-gauge light railroad running from Zhabei, Shanghai to Wusongkou in the north, and it is famous in China and even the world because it is the first operating railroad in China.

Tangxu Railway

In 1879, the Qing government allowed the Kaiping Mining Bureau to finance the construction of a coal railroad from Tangshan to Xujiazhuang, and hired C.W. Kinder, a British engineer from the Bureau, to supervise the construction. The first train in China was modeled after the famous British steam locomotive "Rocket" and was named the "Chinese Rocket".

Beijing - Zhangjiakou Railway

Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway is the first main line railroad designed and built by Chinese. It was designed and built by Zhan Tianyou, a distinguished Chinese engineer, and construction started on October 2, 1905 and opened to traffic on October 2, 1909. It was the first main line railroad in China that was built and put into operation by Chinese people without the participation of foreign personnel.

The History of China's Railways at A Glance

Shanxi Yellow River Project

Founding strategy

In 1912, the Republic of China was proclaimed. Dr. Sun Yat-sen proposed a grand and comprehensive railroad construction plan, designing three major trunk lines connecting the whole country, with a total length of 200,000 kilometers. Later, Sun further elaborated and designed 5 major railroad trunk lines through the whole country, subdivided into the central railroad system, the southeastern railroad system, the expansion of the northwestern railroad system, etc.

Qiantang River Bridge

In 1937, the Qiantang River Bridge, the first double-deck railroad and highway dual-use bridge designed and built by China itself, was completed. Because of the frequent wars and the influence of external forces in the Republic of China, Chinese railroads have been developing slowly in this period.

Chengdu-Chongqing Railway

In the early 1950s, the new Chinese government decided to fill the railroad gap in the western region and began to build the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway, which started construction in June 1950 and opened to traffic in June 1952, becoming the first railroad built after the liberation.

Baoji-Chengdu Railway

Baocheng Railway starts from Baoji in Shaanxi Province in the north and reaches Chengdu in Sichuan Province in the south, connecting with Chengdu-Chongqing and Chengdu-Kunming lines, with a total length of 669 kilometers, which is the first railroad trunk line to communicate with the northwest and southwest. The Baocheng Railway started construction in Chengdu on July 1, 1952, and was opened to traffic in 1958. The railroad electrification project was completed in July 1975, making it the first electrified railroad in China.

The History of China's Railways at A Glance

Lianyungang Nuclear Power Project

Daqin Railway

The Daqin Railway is one of the major railroads for the eastward transportation of coal from the west to the east in China, and the first new double-line electrified heavy-duty coal transportation line in China. The railroad runs from Datong City, Shanxi Province to Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, running through Shanxi, Hebei, Beijing and Tianjin, with a total length of 653 km. On average, a coal train whistles by in less than 15 minutes, transporting tens of thousands of tons of coal to Qinhuangdao Port, hundreds of kilometers away, for loading onto ships for southern transportation.

Qinghai-Tibet Railway

Qinghai-Tibet Railway is a railroad from Xining City of Qinghai Province to Lhasa City of Tibet Autonomous Region, with a total length of 1,956 kilometers, which is the highest altitude and longest route plateau railroad in the world. China has overcome the world problem of permafrost layer on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during the construction.

The story continues

Since 2003, China's railroads have made remarkable achievements by rapidly expanding transportation capacity and rapidly upgrading technical equipment levels, and comprehensively accelerating the pace of railroad modernization.

In 2008, China had its first high-speed railroad with a speed of over 300 km/h - Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway. This is the first intercity high-speed railroad in mainland China that meets the definition of high-speed railroad in China.

Since then, the mileage of China's high-speed railways has been increasing. By the end of 2017, the total mileage of China's high-speed railways had exceeded 25,000 km.

On June 25, 2017, the Chinese standard rolling stock was officially named " Fuxing No. ". China has once again become the country with the highest commercial operating speed of high-speed rail in the world.

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